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Types of Peppers  

Peppers are a favorite vegetable cultivated and used in dishes around the world. There are almost endless varieties of the plant that range in heat from sweet to fiery.

A very common variety is called the bell pepper, because it grows in the shape of a bell. Bell peppers are sweet. The cherry pepper, a variety of the pimento, is a very mild pepper, although some varieties of the pimento can be hot.

Mild chile peppers include the Anaheim pepper (also known as the California pepper) and the Ancho pepper (also known as the poblano). The cayenne pepper, the Chiltepin (or Chile Tepin) pepper, the jalapeno, and the serano are all in the hot group.

Extremely hot and fiery peppers include the datil, the fatalii, and the habanero. The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion is the world’s hottest chili pepper, with a heat index of 2,009,231 on the Scoville Index. The Index is used to measure the heat of a pepper, with zero being the lowest (bell peppers have a zero index) and the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion being at the top.